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Web Literacy

web literacy illustration

Web Literacy is the skills and competencies needed for reading, writing, and participating on the Web.


Reading the Web
  • Accessing the web using the common features of a browser.
  • Using hyperlinks to access a range of resources on the web.
  • Reading, evaluating, and manipulating URLs.
  • Recognizing the common visual cues in the services.
  • Exploring browser add-ons and extensions to provide additional functionality.
web mechanics
  • Using and understanding the differences between URLs, IP addresses and search terms.
  • Identifying where data is in the network of devices that makes up the Internet.
  • Exporting, moving, and backing up data from web services.
  • Explaining the role algorithms play in creating and managing content on the web.
  • Creating or modifying an algorithm to serve content from around the web.
  • Developing questions to aid a search.
  • Using and revising keywords to make web searches more efficient.
  • Evaluating search results to determine if the information is relevant.
  • Finding real-time or time-sensitive information using a range of search techniques.
  • Discovering information and resources by asking people within social networks.
  • Comparing and contrasting information from a number of sources.
  • Making judgments based on technical and design characteristics.
  • Discriminating between ‘original’ and derivative web content.
  • Identifying and investigating the author or publisher of web resources.
  • Evaluating how purpose and perspectives shape web resources.
  • Recommending how to avoid online scams and 'phishing’.
  • Managing and maintaining account security.
  • Encrypting data and communications using software and add-ons.
  • Changing the default behavior of websites, add-ons and extensions to make web browsing more secure.


Writing the Web
  • Inserting hyperlinks into a web page.
  • Identifying and using HTML tags.
  • Embedding multimedia content into a web page.
  • Creating web resources in ways appropriate to the medium/genre.
  • Setting up and controlling a space to publish on the Web.
  • Identifying remixable content.
  • Combining multimedia resources to create something new on the web.
  • Shifting context and meaning by creating derivative content.
  • Citing and referencing original content.
  • Using CSS properties to change the style and layout of a Web page.
  • Demonstrating the difference between inline, embedded and external CSS.
  • Improving user experiences through feedback and iteration.
  • Creating device-agnostic web resources.
  • Reading and explaining the structure of code.
  • Identifying and applying common coding patterns and concepts.
  • Adding comments to code for clarification and attribution.
  • Applying a script framework.
  • Querying a web service using an API.
  • Using empathy and awareness to inform the design of web content that is accessible to all users.
  • Designing for different cultures which may have different interpretations of design elements.
  • Comparing and exploring how different interfaces impact diverse users.
  • Improving the accessibility of a web page through the design of its color scheme, structure/hierarchy and markup.
  • Comparing and contrasting how different interfaces impact diverse web users.


Participating on the Web
  • Creating and using a system to distribute web resources to others.
  • Contributing and finding content for the benefit of others.
  • Creating, curating, and circulating web resources to elicit peer feedback.
  • Understanding the needs of audiences in order to make relevant contributions to a community.
  • Identifying when it is safe to contribute content in a variety of situations on the web.
  • Choosing a Web tool to use for a particular contribution/ collaboration.
  • Co-creating Web resources.
  • Configuring notifications to keep up-to-date with community spaces and interactions.
  • Working towards a shared goal using synchronous and asynchronous tools.
  • Developing and communicating a set of shared expectations and outcomes.
  • Engaging in web communities at varying levels of activity.
  • Respecting community norms when expressing opinions in web discussions.
  • Making sense of different terminology used within online communities.
  • Participating in both synchronous and asynchronous discussions.
  • Debating privacy as a value and right in a networked world.
  • Explaining ways in which unsolicited third parties can track users across the web.
  • Controlling (meta)data shared with online services.
  • Identifying rights retained and removed through user agreements.
  • Managing and shaping online identities.
open practices
  • Distinguishing between open and closed licensing.
  • Making web resources available under an open license.
  • Contributing to an open source project.
  • Advocating for an open web.
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The Hive Learning Networks, stewarded by Mozilla, are a growing constellation of local communities around the globe that are championing digital skills and web literacy through connected learning. Learn more